Key areas of focus  in board evaluations
The writer

Key areas of focus in board evaluations

Board evaluations are a bit like a thorough health check-up for a company’s leadership. They delve deep into various aspects of how the Board of Directors functions and contribute to the overall health and success of the organization.


Let's explore the key areas that should be focused on during a board evaluation, broken down into plain English.

1. Board Composition and Diversity

A great starting point is looking at who's on the board. Does the board have a diverse mix of skills, experiences, and perspectives?

Diversity isn’t just about gender or ethnicity; it's about different ways of thinking and seeing the world.

A board with a rich tapestry of backgrounds can better navigate the complex business landscape.

2. Roles and Responsibilities Clarity

Each board member should have a clear understanding of their role and responsibilities. This includes not just their duties as directors but also their contributions to committees.

It’s like knowing who plays which position on a soccer team – a team works best when everyone knows their role.

3. Board Dynamics and Culture

This area explores how board members interact with each other. Is there a culture of openness and respect?

Do board members feel comfortable speaking up, debating, and challenging one another in a constructive way?

It's about ensuring the board isn’t just a group of individuals, but a cohesive team that works well together.

4. Effectiveness of Board Meetings

The evaluation should assess how productive the board meetings are. Are they well-organized, focused, and result-oriented?

Do they allow for meaningful discussion and decision-making? 

It’s like reviewing a play – are the actors (board members) making the most of their time on stage (board meetings)?

5. Strategic Involvement

One of the board’s key roles is to provide strategic direction. How effectively is the board involved in setting and reviewing the company’s strategy?

It's like checking if the GPS (board) is not only set correctly but also if it’s being used properly by the driver (management).

6. Risk Management and Compliance

Boards need to ensure that the company is managing its risks effectively and complying with laws and regulations.

This includes financial risks, operational risks, and reputational risks. 

It’s like making sure the company’s safety nets are strong and in place.

7. Board's Relationship with Management

How does the board interact with the CEO and the senior management team? Is there a balance of support and constructive challenge?

This relationship is crucial – it should be a partnership where both sides work together for the company’s benefit.


8. Performance Evaluation and Improvement

A good board continuously evaluates its performance and seeks to improve.

This includes assessing individual directors as well as the board as a whole.

It’s about never being complacent and always striving to be better.

9. Succession Planning and Board Renewal

The board should have plans for its own succession. Are there processes in place to identify and groom future board members?


It’s like planning for the next season of a TV show – you want to ensure you have fresh, exciting characters to keep the show a success.

10. Communication and Transparency

Effective communication, both within the board and with external stakeholders, is vital.

The evaluation should look at how well the board communicates its decisions and strategies.

It’s like making sure the lines of communication are open and clear in a relationship.


11. Understanding of the Business and Market

Board members should have a good grasp of the company’s business and the market it operates in.

They should stay informed about industry trends, challenges, and opportunities.

It’s like a doctor staying up to date with the latest medical research – it’s essential for making informed decisions.

12. Contribution to a Positive Corporate Culture

The board should contribute to fostering a positive, ethical, and sustainable corporate culture.

This includes setting the tone for ethical behavior and corporate responsibility.

It’s about being role models for the rest of the company.

13. Financial Oversight

The board’s role in financial oversight is critical. This includes reviewing financial statements, ensuring accurate reporting, and monitoring the company’s financial health.

It’s like keeping a close eye on the health of the family finances.

14. Innovation and Technology Engagement

In today’s fast-paced world, boards need to be aware of and engage with technological advancements and innovation.

Are they keeping the company at the forefront of technological change? It’s like making sure you’re not still using a flip phone in a smartphone world.

15. Stakeholder Engagement

Finally, how well does the board engage with stakeholders, including shareholders, employees, customers, and the wider community?

Effective stakeholder engagement is key to maintaining trust and support.


In sum, board evaluations are about looking at the board from all angles – composition, dynamics, effectiveness, strategy, risk management, and much more.

It’s a comprehensive process, aimed at ensuring the board is not just functioning, but excelling in its role.

By focusing on these areas, a board evaluation can be a powerful tool for continuous improvement, ensuring that the board remains effective, responsive, and aligned with the best interests of the company and its stakeholders.

It’s like taking your car for regular servicing – it keeps everything running smoothly and prevents problems down the road.

The writer is a member of the Institute of Directors, Ghana and serves on a number of boards. He is an independent Internal Audit Advisor, Enterprise Risk Management Consultant, Board Consultant, and professional trainer.

He is the founder and Chief Operating Officer of Redric Consulting, your trusted partner for comprehensive training and consulting services in the fields of Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC).

With a proven track record in Board Consulting, Internal Audit, Internal Control, Compliance, Fraud Risk Management, and Cybersecurity, Redric Consulting empowers your organization and ensures its success.

You may reach out to Frederick on [email protected]

Connect With Us : 0242202447 | 0551484843 | 0266361755 | 059 199 7513 |

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