EC on why guarantor system is no longer reliable in voter registration
EC on why guarantor system is no longer reliable in voter registration

EC on why guarantor system is no longer reliable in voters registration

Talking about the guarantor system in voter registration exercise, the Electoral Commission of Ghana on Tuesday reiterated and gave further reasons why the system under the current circumstances, has outlived its usefulness and cannot be maintained.

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The best proof of a person’s citizenship in Ghana is the Ghana national identity card, the Ghana Card, the commission said.

The use of the guarantor system is fraught with blatant abuse as witnessed in the just ended voters registration exercise, it added.

The Deputy Chairperson in charge of operations, Samuel Tettey said this when he addressed a press conference in Accra on Tuesday afternoon (Oct 17, 2023).

He gave examples of circumstances where some people are being processed for prosecution because they gave false information in guaranteeing for others to register as voters and that the commission will publish their names.

Mr Tettey was giving an update on the just ended voters registration exercise ahead of the district level elections.

He said most countries in the sub-region to mention but a few, Nigeria, South African, Senegal, Rwanda, and Kenya do not use the guarantor system as evidence of identification as a citizen.

"If indeed we are committed to strengthening our electoral processes then the Guarantor system must be abolished sooner than later. We call on Government to fund NIA. Additionally, we entreat Parliament to approve/pass the C.I. on the registration of voters."
"The Commission abhors the encouragement of minors to register. This is a crime. It does not auger well for us as a nation and we urge all citizens and stakeholders to join the Commission to solve this long age canker. The sad fact is that these minors were bussed to registration centres by citizens who should know better. This is unpardonable and we once again, call on government to resource NIA to produce the cards and the Parliament to approve the C.I. to enable us use the Ghana Card as sole means to identify a person’s citizenship," Mr Tettey said. 
He said all the guarantors who breached the law and perpetuated the act of guaranteeing for more than ten (10) applicants, will not go unpunished.
"Their names will be published in the National Dailies and they will be brought to prosecution. It is in the interest of the Commission to register every eligible applicant/citizen. However, the Commission will not sit aloof to let go offenders who flout its laws.
"In our previous press briefing, we projected videos and photos of minors in queue registering. Again, as part of our efforts to ensure that every eligible voter gets registered, a directive was issued by the Commission to all its Officers to issue chits/numbers to all applicants in the queue on or before 5pm to go to the registration centres the next day to register.

Guarantor system has outlived usefulness — EC

Attached below is the full speech read at the press briefing and a video from the briefing.

SPEECH DELIVERED BY MR. SAMUEL TETTEY, DEPUTY CHAIRMAN (OPERATIONS) OF THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION OF GHANA AT THE “LET THE CITIZEN KNOW “PRESS CONFERENCE.
DATE: TUESDAY, 17TH OCTOBER, 2023.

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen of the media. The Commission is very grateful to you this afternoon for responding to our call to attend this Press Briefing.

The purpose of this engagement is to update the good people of Ghana on the just ended voters registration exercise.

The first update delivered by the Chairperson of the Electoral Commission catalogued the initial hiccups associated with the registration exercise and the measures the Commission adopted to address the initial challenges.

The second update dealt with emerging issues of the voters registration exercise and the need for us as citizens to help address the issues.

It is important to note that a credible voters register is one of the main pillars for delivering peaceful and credible elections.

The Commission will therefore not leave any stone unturned in its quest to have a credible register, hence its displeasure at the attempt by minors and foreigners to get onto the voters register under the window of the guarantor system.

The 21-day registration exercise which started on Tuesday, 12th September, 2023 ended on Monday, 2nd October, 2023. The Commission is very much satisfied with the successful completion and outcome of the exercise.

The following measures among other things largely accounted for the success of the registration exercise:

• The registration exercise was undertaken by a well-trained and committed EC permanent staff with a few temporary staff.
• Adequate provision of registration materials hence no report of shortages of registration materials.
• Improved network system.
• Increased in the number of Biometric Voter Registration kits. Some registration centres had between 4 and 5 BVR kits.
• Presence of security at the registration centres.
• Presence of Observers and Party Agents at registration centres.

The Commission projected to register 700,000 (Seven Hundred Thousand) out of registrable eligible voters of 1,350,000 per the 2021 census figures (One Million and Three Hundred and Fifty Thousand).

The Statistical Service projected 450,000 (Four Hundred and Fifty Thousand) persons turning 18 years each year for the years 2021, 2022, and 2023. We did not state that we were going to register 1,350,000 applicants. It is not possible to register every single person who turned 18 for the period 2021 to 2023. We projected 52% of the registrable population of 1,350,000 which is 700,000.

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It is important to note that people abstain from voting for various reasons among other things; religious reasons/ belief, apathy etc. and hence not all the registrable voters of 1,350,000 will register.  Again, in our previous engagement with the media, the EC stated that the 2023 Work Plan and Budget was based on a Continuous Voters Registration exercise in our District Offices.

We indicated that we did not factor registration of voters on Electoral Area basis in our approved 2023 Budget and Work Plan.

The EC has not stated anywhere that Parliament is to be blamed for not approving its budget hence its decision to register voters at the District Offices. The EC stated that, it prepared a draft C.I. for a Continuous Registration exercise in all its district offices nationwide and had the C.I. passed the EC would have had some six (6) months to register voters at a time of their choice. 

The Commission indicated in the previous press briefings that it encountered some challenges including internet connectivity on the first day which were swiftly resolved. It is baffling to hear some people dwell on initial challenges when these were resolved overnight. 

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Our robust network and internet connectivity accounts for the 90% of applicants who registered Online i.e. using the Internet and the 10% registered Offline. Indeed, if there were issues with our internet and network, we could not have achieved this.

On the guarantor system, the Commission is of the view that under our current circumstances, the Guarantor system has outlived its usefulness and cannot be maintained.  The best proof of a person’s citizenship in Ghana is the Ghana Card. The use of the Guarantor system is fraught with blatant abuse as witnessed in the just ended voters registration exercise.

Most countries in the sub-region to mention but a few, Nigeria, South African, Senegal, Rwanda, and Kenya do not use the guarantor system as evidence of identification as a citizen.

If indeed we are committed to strengthening our electoral processes then the Guarantor system must be abolished sooner than later. We call on Government to fund NIA. Additionally, we entreat Parliament to approve/pass the C.I. on the registration of voters.

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The Commission abhors the encouragement of minors to register. This is a crime. It does not auger well for us as a nation and we urge all citizens and stakeholders to join the Commission to solve this long age canker. The sad fact is that these minors were bussed to registration centres by citizens who should know better. This is unpardonable and we once again, call on government to resource NIA to produce the cards and the Parliament to approve the C.I. to enable us use the Ghana Card as sole means to identify a person’s citizenship. 

The Commission wishes to inform the general public that guarantors who breached the law and perpetuated the act of guaranteeing for more than ten (10) applicants, will not go unpunished.

Their names will be published in the National Dailies and they will be brought to prosecution. It is in the interest of the Commission to register every eligible applicant/citizen. However, the Commission will not sit aloof to let go offenders who flout its laws.

In our previous press briefing, we projected videos and photos of minors in queue registering. Again, as part of our efforts to ensure that every eligible voter gets registered, a directive was issued by the Commission to all its Officers to issue chits/numbers to all applicants in the queue on or before 5pm to go to the registration centres the next day to register.

This measure was to ensure that all applicants who went to the registration centres on the last day and were in a queue on or before 5pm were registered a day after the deadline. Although some registration centres recorded some number of applicants in the queue most centres had less than 50 in the queue and in some cases even zero as indicated below:

REGION REGISTRATION CENTRE NO. OF APPLICANTS IN QUEUE 

1. Upper East
Kassena Nankana   Municipal 84
Kassena Nankana West 45
Bolgatanga Municipal 15
Bongo 15
Talensi 14


2. Western North
Aowin 0
Suaman 50
Bibiani-Anhwiaso- Bekwai 0
Sehwi Wiawso 48
Sehwi Ankontombra 0
Juaboso 102
Bodi 0
Bia West 0
Bia East 70


3. Bono East
Techiman South 131
Kintampo North 0
Kintampo South 0
NkoranzaNorth 0
Nkoranza South 42
Atebubu / Amantin 0
Pru West 0
Pru East 0
Sene West 0
Sene East 0
Techiman North 87


4. Savannah
Bole 0
Sawla-Tuna-Kalba 109
West Gonja 0
North Gonja 12
Central Gonja 147
East Gonja 0
North East Gonja 0


5. North East
East Mamprusi 70
West Mamprusi 155
Bunkpurugu 84
Mamprugu/ Moagduri 132

We heard stories in the media about very large numbers of persons remaining in the queue after the last day. We wish to state that our checks reveal that there were no large numbers as been alleged. In any case the Commission was successful in registering all persons who were in the queue before 5pm but could not be registered due to the fact that registration ended at 6pm.

I wish to state again that they were provided chits by District Officers and registered the next day.

These are but few examples to indicate that not many applicants were in the queue as reported in some quarters of the media.

The Commission wishes to inform the general public that it has started replacing the ID Cards for voters in the Guan District.

From Tuesday, 3rd October to Thursday, 2nd November voters are required to go to the District Office of the Commission at Likpe Mate to collect their new Voter ID Cards. Between 3rd and 9th November, 2023 voters in the Guan District will be required to collect their replaced Voter ID Cards at the Exhibition centres.  After the exhibition exercise the uncollected Voter ID Cards will be sent to the District Office and voters are expected to go back to the District Office to collect them.

This exercise has become necessary because in 2020, voters in the Guan District registered in the Jasikan District. With the creation of the Guan District, their Voter ID Cards bearing the Jasikan District Code have to be changed to reflect the Code of the Guan District. Voters in the Guan District are therefore entreated to go to the District Office and the exhibition centres during the Exhibition period with their old Voter ID Cards and collect the replaced ones/ new ones. The name, age, sex, ID Number of the applicant on the replaced/ new Voters ID Card remains the same except the Code of the District, Electoral area and the Polling Station.

Again, application for transfer of votes for both aspiring candidates and voters started from the 3rd to 9th October, 2023 at the District Offices of the Commission. 

105,863 voters applied to transfer their votes to their new residence.

In our bid to ensure that voters who have misplaced their Voter ID Cards are not overburdened voters no longer have to travel long distances to the Bank to pay for the replacement of lost Voter ID Cards. Applicants for the replacement of lost Voter ID Cards are to pay ¢10 through the short code *222* 1067#. Applicants are required to show proof of payment at the District office before being taken through the process for the replacement. Applicants shall be issued with a new (Reprinted) Voter ID Cards bearing the same details as provided at the time of registration or in other words same as the lost one.

Replacement of lost Voter ID Cards is currently ongoing at the District Offices of the Commission. This exercise started on Tuesday, 3rd October, 2023 and voters who have lost their Voters ID Card should take this opportunity to visit any District Office of the Commission. All applicants requesting for replacement shall be biometrically verified before their Voter ID Card is reprinted for them. 

As stated earlier, the Commission is very much satisfied with the outcome of the registration exercise.

At the end of the 21-day registration exercise, the Commission registered 910,996 persons as against the projected / estimated 700,000. These are the Regional Distribution of the Registration.

REGIONAL TOTALS %

WESTERN           55,886 6.1%
WESTERN NORTH           31,483 3.5%
CENTRAL           85,152 9.3%
GREATER ACCRA         124,166 13.6%
VOLTA           55,557 6.1%
OTI           26,481 2.9%
EASTERN           92,780 10.2%
ASHANTI         148,284 16.3%
BONO           31,922 3.5%
AHAFO           22,253 2.4%
BONO EAST           39,804 4.4%
SAVANNAH           21,754 2.4%
NORTHERN           76,510 8.4%
NORTH EAST           24,667 2.7%
UPPER EAST           43,641 4.8%
UPPER WEST           30,656 3.4%
NATIONAL TOTAL         910,996  

Ashanti Region recorded the highest number of registered voters with 16.3%. Savannah Region recorded the least number of voters with 2.4%.

The Challenged cases were 9,720. This represents 1.1% of the total number of people registered. These are the regional totals for the challenged cases:

The pattern of the gender distribution of applicants where males outnumber females that emerged in the beginning of the registration exercise continued till the last day. Males constitute 51.7% of all the registered voters and females are 48.3%.

Apart from the North East and Upper West regions where females outnumber males, in all the remaining regions there are more males registered as voters in this exercise than females. 

REGION MALE FEMALE

WESTERN

Male - 29492, Female - 26394

WESTERN NORTH

Male - 16373, Female - 15110

CENTRAL

Male - 43569, Female - 41583

GREATER ACCRA

Male - 64390, Female - 59776

VOLTA

Male - 28089, Female - 27468

OTI

Male - 14494, Female - 11987

EASTERN

Male - 48713, Female - 44067

ASHANTI

Male - 74832, Female - 73452

BONO

Male -16561, Female - 15361

AHAFO

Male -11269, Female - 10984

BONO EAST

Male - 20947, Female - 18857

SAVANNAH

Male - 11543, Female - 10211

NORTHERN

Male - 40834, Female - 35676

NORTH EAST

Male - 12196, Female - 12471

UPPER EAST

Male - 22643, Female - 20998

UPPER WEST

Male -15297, Female - 15359

NATIONAL TOTAL

Male - 471242 (51.7% ), Female - 439754 (48.3%_

910,996

On the basis of the identification documents used by applicants, the Guarantor System dominates with 563,919 representing 61.9%.  This is distantly followed by the Ghana Card at 37.8% and Passport at 0.3%. The irony is that the 2020 Voters Register has almost 61% of registered voters using the Ghana Card. How we now have the Ghana Card representing 37.8% is open to several interpretations? However, the Commission is convinced that the Guarantor system has no place in our electoral democracy and we call on all our stakeholders to support the Commission’s endeavor to use the Ghana Card as the sole identification document for registration. 
       
GHANA CARD - 344,346 (37.8%)

PASSPORT - 2711 ( 0.3%)

GUARANTOR SYSTEM - 563,919 (61.9%)

The Commission, as indicated in our earlier engagements with the media will roll out Continuous Registration of voters next year including difficult to reach electoral areas. Each day, people attain 18 years and the best way of capturing these first-time voters is by Continuous Registration at our District Offices. As much as we would like to undertake long term Continuous Voter Registration exercise, would depend on whether the C.I.  is passed or not. In the unlikely event where the C.I. is not passed, we have to undertake a limited registration exercise at the District offices including difficult to reach electoral areas. We encourage all citizens and shareholders to assist the Commission to uphold the integrity of the voters register.

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