How enterprise risk management contributes to business value in parastatals
The writer

How enterprise risk management contributes to business value in parastatals

Parastatals, or state-owned enterprises (SOEs), are pivotal players in the economic ecosystems of many nations.


They manage public utilities, infrastructure, and key industries, ensuring that basic services reach the citizenry.

However, parastatals also face a unique set of challenges when it comes to governance, transparency, and risk management. 

This is where Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) comes into play. By implementing robust ERM practices, parastatals can derive immense business value. Let me share a few with you here.

1. Enhancing decision-making processes

ERM offers a structured approach to identifying, assessing, and managing risks. By providing a clear picture of all potential threats and opportunities, parastatals can make informed decisions, allocating resources efficiently and prioritizing initiatives that offer the best return on investment or have the greatest societal impact.

2. Strengthening financial stability

For parastatals, maintaining financial health is crucial to fulfilling their mandates. ERM aids in this by anticipating potential financial setbacks, like revenue shortfalls or cost overruns, allowing SOEs to put preventive measures in place. In the long run, this can lead to improved financial performance and stability.

3. Optimising operational efficiency

Operational risks can hamper the delivery of essential services. ERM assists in identifying bottlenecks, inefficiencies, and potential disruptions in the supply chain or service delivery mechanisms. This awareness means parastatals can pre-emptively address these issues, optimizing operations and ensuring that services are delivered seamlessly.

4. Boosting stakeholder confidence

Given that parastatals often operate in sectors with significant public interest, maintaining stakeholder confidence is paramount. ERM enhances transparency, showing stakeholders – from government officials to the general public – that risks are managed proactively. This transparency builds trust and reinforces the SOE's commitment to its mission.

5. Protecting reputation

In an era of instant news and social media, a single oversight can lead to a PR crisis. ERM emphasizes the importance of reputational risks, ensuring that parastatals are not just reactive but proactive in safeguarding their image. This is particularly crucial for parastatals because their performance often reflects on the larger government apparatus.

6. Facilitating regulatory compliance

Parastatals typically face a complex web of regulations and oversight, given their public nature. Non-compliance can lead to sanctions, fines, and reputational damage. ERM programs can help these entities stay abreast of regulatory changes, ensuring they meet all requirements and avoid the negative repercussions of non-compliance.

7. Driving innovation and resilience

In the face of risks, there are often opportunities. A mature ERM approach allows parastatals to see beyond the threats and identify areas for innovation. Whether it's capitalizing on technological advancements or exploring new service delivery models, ERM can serve as a catalyst for positive transformation.

8. Promoting a risk-aware culture

ERM is not just about processes; it's also about people. By ingraining risk awareness into the corporate culture, parastatals ensure that every decision, at every level, is made with a full understanding of its potential implications. This risk-aware culture not only minimizes missteps but also empowers employees to take calculated risks when opportunities arise.


For parastatals, the mandate is clear: deliver essential services efficiently, effectively, and transparently.

In this challenging endeavour, Enterprise Risk Management emerges as a strategic tool, turning potential vulnerabilities into strengths.

By recognizing and addressing risks head-on, parastatals can optimize their operations, safeguard their reputations, and deliver on their commitments to stakeholders.

More than just a protective shield, ERM is a lens that allows SOEs to see the business landscape with clarity, ensuring that they remain robust, resilient, and relevant in an ever-evolving world.

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