Digitisation is a driving force
Digitisation is a driving force

Digitisation, steppingstone to fourth industrial revolution (4IR)

The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) represents a new era of technological advancement that is reshaping the world as we know it. 

At the heart of this transformation lies digitisation, a process that converts analogue information into digital formats, enabling the seamless integration of data and technology.

Digitisation has paved the way for revolutionary changes in various industries, propelling humanity towards the 4IR. 

Understanding digitisation

Digitisation involves the conversion of various forms of information, such as text, images, audio and video, into digital data.

This process involves encoding the information into binary code, which can be easily processed and stored by computers and other digital devices.

The transition from analogue to digital opens up a world of possibilities, making it easier to manipulate and analyse information with unprecedented efficiency.

Digitisation has transformed the way we communicate, breaking down geographical barriers and enabling real-time interactions across the globe.

The rise of the internet and mobile communication has facilitated instant connectivity, making the world a more interconnected and interdependent place.

Social media platforms, video conferencing and messaging apps have become essential tools for both personal and professional communication, empowering people to share ideas and collaborate seamlessly.

Revolutionising industries

Digitisation has disrupted traditional industries, driving innovation and efficiency across the board.

Automation and artificial intelligence (AI) have become increasingly prevalent, streamlining processes and improving productivity.

In manufacturing, smart factories, powered by the Internet of Things, have revolutionised production lines, leading to predictive maintenance, reduced downtime and optimised resource allocation.

Similarly, in agriculture, precision farming techniques, leveraging sensors and data analysis, have transformed the way we grow crops and manage resources.

Ag-Tech Company of the Year, Esoko Limited, has always led the way with their digital technology in agriculture.

Ghanaian experience 

The initiative led by Vice-President Dr Mamudu Bawumia of Ghana to digitise various sectors of the Ghanaian economy is truly commendable.

It demonstrates visionary leadership, especially in light of the widespread embrace of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on a global scale.

The reintroduction of the Ghana card system presents myriads of positive impacts on the Ghanaian economy as mentioned below.

Enhanced efficiency: A well-implemented national ID system can streamline various administrative processes and reduce bureaucratic inefficiencies.

This can lead to cost savings for both the government and businesses.

Financial inclusion: By providing a unique identification to citizens, a national ID system can make it easier for individuals to access financial services, open bank accounts, and participate in the formal economy.

This can lead to increased savings and investments.

Reduced fraud: National IDs can help reduce identity theft and fraud, which can have a positive impact on financial transactions, reducing losses for individuals and businesses.

Targeted service delivery: Governments can use national IDs to better target social and economic programmes, ensuring that resources are allocated more efficiently to those in need.

Improved Tax Collection: National IDs can make it easier for governments to track income and tax liabilities, potentially increasing tax revenues.

It is also important to mention the introduction of the digital house address system.

A digital house address system holds significant importance in various aspects of modern society and can provide several benefits:

Improved Navigation and Location Services: Digital house addresses make it easier for people, delivery services, emergency responders and other individuals to locate specific addresses accurately.

This can lead to more efficient navigation and quicker response times in emergencies.

Urban Planning and Development: Digital house address systems play a vital role in urban planning, zoning and infrastructure development.

Accurate addressing data can assist city planners in optimising resource allocation and city growth.

Economic Growth and Investment: A reliable digital address system can attract investment and economic development to an area.

It provides a foundation for businesses to establish operations and encourages the growth of local economies.

Smart Cities and Technology Integration: In the era of smart cities, digital house address systems are essential for integrating various technologies, such as Google Maps, autonomous vehicles and intelligent infrastructure.

They provide a foundational layer for smart city development.


Digitisation has undoubtedly been the driving force behind the emergence of the 4th Industrial Revolution.

By converting analogue information into digital data, we have unlocked the potential for unprecedented innovation, connectivity and efficiency across various industries. 

Embracing digitisation and harnessing the power of data-driven technologies will be crucial as we navigate the challenges and opportunities presented by the 4IR.

By doing so, we can build a more inclusive, sustainable and prosperous future for all.

The writer is the Chief Finance Officer,
Esoko Limited, Accra.

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