Challenges in implementing enterprise risk management and how to overcome them
The writer

Challenges in implementing enterprise risk management and how to overcome them

Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is an essential component of any modern business's strategic planning. 


An effective ERM program enables an organization to identify, assess, and respond to risks that might impact the achievement of its goals. 

However, implementing an ERM program can pose its own set of challenges. In this article I share the most common challenges faced in ERM implementation and suggest solutions to overcome them.

Challenge 1: Lack of strong risk culture

A key challenge in implementing ERM is the lack of a strong risk culture within the organization. Without a strong risk culture, employees may not understand the importance of ERM, or fail to incorporate risk management into their daily activities. I remember one time when a senior member of an organisation made a statement that all what the ERM consultant was doing would come to nothing. 

This was symptomatic of a bad risk attitude which was driving a bad behaviour that would inevitably affect the risk culture negatively.

Solution: Cultivate a strong risk culture by incorporating risk management into the organization's core values and practices. Provide regular training to employees at all levels about the importance of ERM and their role in it. Regular communication about the value of risk management, highlighting real examples where risk management has made a difference, can help embed a risk culture within the organization.

Challenge 2: Insufficient resources 

Implementing ERM requires time, effort, and resources. Many organizations struggle with dedicating the necessary resources, especially small and medium enterprises with limited resources.

Solution: While implementing ERM does require resources, it should be seen as an investment rather than a cost. Make a case for ERM by highlighting its potential to prevent losses, improve decision-making, and enhance overall business performance. Moreover, consider leveraging technology to automate and streamline ERM processes, reducing the resource burden.

Challenge 3: Lack of leadership support

Without strong support from senior leadership, ERM initiatives may struggle to gain traction. Leaders play a crucial role in setting the tone and demonstrating the importance of risk management. Imagine an institution where the Board is not visible for discussions or ERM governance criteria such as risk appetite and tolerance. Any attempt to get to a senior member discuss issues concerning their role is met with “they are not available”.

Solution: Engage senior leadership in the ERM process from the beginning. Highlight the strategic value of ERM and how it can help achieve organizational goals. Provide regular updates to keep leadership informed about the progress and value of the ERM program.

Challenge 4: Complexity and interconnectedness of risks

In today's globalized and interconnected world, risks are complex and interrelated, making them difficult to identify, assess, and manage.

Solution: Adopt a holistic, enterprise-wide approach to risk management. This means considering all types of risks - operational, financial, strategic, and others - and how they interrelate. Regularly review and update the risk assessment to capture evolving risks and their interconnections.

Challenge 5: Compliance Focus

Many organizations view ERM as a tool for regulatory compliance rather than a strategic enabler. This limited perspective can impede the full integration of ERM into the organization's strategy and operations.

Solution: Shift the perception of ERM from a compliance tool to a strategic enabler. Highlight how ERM can improve decision-making, optimize resource allocation, and contribute to the achievement of strategic objectives.

Challenge 6: Inadequate Risk Reporting

Effective risk reporting is crucial for keeping stakeholders informed about the organization's risk profile and the effectiveness of its risk management activities. However, many organizations struggle with producing clear, concise, and actionable risk reports.

Solution: Develop a robust risk reporting framework that aligns with the organization's risk appetite and strategic objectives. The reports should be clear, concise, and actionable, providing the necessary information for decision-making. Leverage technology to automate and enhance risk reporting.

Case Study: Overcoming ERM implementation challenges

Consider the case of a hypothetical manufacturing company, ShotoGuda Inc. ShotoGuda decided to implement an ERM program but faced several challenges.

The first challenge was a lack of risk culture. To address this, ShotoGuda provided regular training to employees, incorporated risk management into the organization's core values, and communicated regularly about the importance of ERM.

The company also faced resource constraints. To overcome this, they presented ERM as an investment and used technology to automate and streamline ERM processes.

Initially, there was limited support from senior leadership. However, by engaging leaders in the ERM process and regularly updating them on its progress and value, they were able to gain their support.


Finally, the complexity and interconnectedness of risks presented a challenge. ShotoGuda addressed this by adopting a holistic approach to risk management, considering all types of risks and their interrelations.

Conclusion: Turning challenges into opportunities

Implementing ERM can indeed present various challenges. However, with a thoughtful and proactive approach, these challenges can be overcome, turning them into opportunities for improvement. By embedding a risk culture, leveraging resources effectively, securing leadership support, managing the complexity of risks, shifting the perspective from compliance to strategy, and enhancing risk reporting, organizations can successfully implement ERM and reap its many benefits.

In a world characterized by uncertainty and rapid change, the ability to effectively manage risk is a significant strategic advantage. And a robust, well-implemented ERM program is a key tool in this endeavor. With perseverance and dedication, organizations can overcome the challenges of ERM implementation and build a resilient and successful future.

Be part of the Internal Audit leadership Summit from the 21-23 September where we discuss these and many more related topics.


The writer is an independent Internal Audit Advisor, Enterprise Risk Management Consultant, and professional trainer. He is the founder and Chief Operating Officer of Redric Consulting, your trusted partner for comprehensive training and consulting services in the fields of Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC).

With a proven track record in Internal Audit, Internal Control, Compliance, Fraud Risk Management, and Cybersecurity, Redric Consulting empowers your organization and ensures its success.

You may reach out to Frederick on 050 990 7171 or [email protected]

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