41% of women aged 15 to 49 have been victims of intimate partner violence in Ghana
41% of women aged 15 to 49 have been victims of intimate partner violence in Ghana

41% of women aged 15 to 49 have been victims of intimate partner violence in Ghana

Preliminary findings from the 2022 Ghana Demographic and Healthy Survey (GDHS) Report indicate that two in every five (41.6%) women aged 15 to 49 years who have ever had an intimate partner have ever experienced at least one form of intimate partner violence (IPV) i.e., emotional, physical, or sexual violence. 


In all, 35.2 per cent had experienced emotional violence at least once, 22.7 per cent had experienced physical violence at least once, and 11.2 per cent had experienced sexual violence at least once.

More than half (53.4%) in the Savannah Region had experienced IPV, the highest recorded, followed by the Central (44.0%), Ahafo (44.0%), and Volta (43.6%) regions. The lowest rate of IPV was recorded in the Bono Region (26.3%). 

More than two in every five with primary education (44.1%) or no education (42.9%) had experienced IPV, almost twice that of women with more than secondary education (23.0%). 

IPV experience varies by employment status as well. Women employed for cash reported the highest frequency of IPV (39.5%), about 10 percentage points higher than women employed but not for cash (28.9%) or not employed at all (29.1%).

The most frequent form of sexual violence was being forced to have sexual intercourse (8.2%), for physical violence being slapped (11.6%) was most frequently experienced, and for emotional violence, it was being insulted or made to feel bad about herself (27.1%).

Overall, one in every three (33.2%) women aged 15 to 49 years in Ghana have experienced physical violence since age 15 years. Further, one in every ten (12.2%) women in this age group reported experiencing physical violence often or sometimes in the 12 months preceding the survey, and 6.8 percent experienced physical violence while pregnant. 

Central Region (44.6%) had the highest percentage of women who had experienced physical violence since age 15 followed by the Savannah (42.9%) and Volta (40.2%) regions. 

The lowest rates of physical violence were recorded in Upper West (23.7%) and North East (23.7%) regions.

About three in every five (63.2%) women who have experienced physical violence, reported the violence was committed by current (33.2%) or former (29.9%) husbands or intimate partners, the leading perpetrators of violence against women. 

Fathers (11.9%), mothers (11.9%), and siblings (10.4%) were the next highest categories of persons committing physical violence. 

Women also reported physical violence from non-relatives including teachers (4.9%), schoolmates (4.6%), employers or work colleagues (1.0%), and other persons (6.1%).

The findings further indicate that 14.1 percent of women aged 15 to 49 years have experienced sexual violence. One in five women in the Volta (22.3%), Central (19.6%) and Savannah (19.6%) regions reported ever experiencing sexual violence, the highest recorded.

Progress toward eliminating violence against women has been slow in the past decade. 

Between 2008 and 2022, experience of physical violence since age 15 declined from 36.6 to 33.2 percent, experience of sexual violence declined from 18.8 to 14.4 percent, and physical violence against pregnant women increased from 5.2 percent to 6.8 percent.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is commemorated annually on 25th November.

The day is for awareness and advocacy on the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls around the world.

The 2022 GDHS Report will be released in December 2023.

Connect With Us : 0242202447 | 0551484843 | 0266361755 | 059 199 7513 |

Like what you see?

Hit the buttons below to follow us, you won't regret it...