File photo: Kakum National Park
File photo: Kakum National Park

Tourism industry must impact climate change - Earth Rights Ghana

The President of Earth Rights Ghana, Enimil Ashon, a non-governmental organisation, has called on players in the tourism industry to join the fight against climate change, saying it affects a wide range of environmental resources such as wildlife, biodiversity, beaches, among others, that are critical attractions for tourists.

Mr Ashon said climate change had already happened in destinations that were dependent on tourism, and had led to the loss of jobs, homes and lives, and could plunge the country’s tourism future into crisis.

“With its close connections to the environment and climate itself, tourism is considered to be a vulnerable and highly climate-sensitive economic sector.

“The effects of climate change are already becoming evident at various destinations across the world. Global climate change has also begun influencing decision-making in the tourism sector," Mr Ashon said.

At a stakeholders engagement on Greening Ghana’s Hospitality Industry in Accra last Wednesday, Mr Ashon added that tourism was not just a victim of global warming.

“It also contributes to the problem. Tourism alone is responsible for eight per cent of the world’s carbon emissions. For example, when tourists travel, carbon emissions are generated throughout the trips. Flying is the largest source of these emissions,” he said.

Mr Ashon said other activities such as using the air conditioners in hotels produced carbon dioxide as well,” he added.

The engagement brought together representatives from the Ghana Tourism Authority, hoteliers, catering services, the Environmental Protection Agency, event organisers, among others.


Mr Ashon said changing the way the society used water in tourism establishments would strengthen the planet’s ecosystem.

“It will reduce the risk of extreme weather events that make water unpredictable, polluted, and scarce. This could involve using less fresh water for showering, collecting and using rainwater for growing crops or sanitation, or improving our systems for managing waste water.

“Floods, droughts and heat which are effects of climate change have a direct impact on the availability of the various types of water that humans need,” he noted.

Mr Ashon also noted that tourism’s energy production, product consumption and irresponsible waste management contributed directly to climate change.

“This is done by adding carbon-based particles into the air. Solid waste is a large contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Food waste especially is contributing to greenhouse emissions because its degradation creates methane, a very potent greenhouse gas,” he said.

Geographical shift

Consequently, Mr Ashon intimated, understanding and anticipating the potential seasonal and geographic shifts in tourism demand would be critical for major stakeholders in the sector.

“National parks are among the most popular destinations in the forest and biodiversity tourism sub-sector. In recent years, visits to forests as places for recreational activities such as hiking have been gaining popularity.

“Modeled predictions suggest that climate change will result in a 12 per cent increase in forest fires by 2050 that are displacing and killing animals in different parts of the world, leading to declining tourism activity,” he said.

Mr Ashon noted that ease of travel had led to increased interest in marine wildlife, including whales, sharks, dolphins, sea lions, and turtles, while sailing, cruising and diving were some of the ways used to explore such regions.

“Climate change is adversely affecting some of the ocean and sea life tourism destinations. Ghana cannot escape the consequences of this warning because we all know that if there is one area which has gained popularity in Ghana, it is beach tourism,” he said.


Mr Ashon noted that the accommodation sub-sector accounted for 20 per cent of the emissions generated in the tourism sector.

“The sub-sector is an intensive energy consumer. Experts, however, believe that there is significant potential in improving carbon efficiency. The use of existing low emission technologies and the implementation of best practices are likely to reduce emissions by 30 per cent to 40 per cent. Proper energy management could also mean business due to savings in the energy bill,” he noted.

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