Islamic dress code

BY: Hadiza Nuhhu-Billa Quansah
Islamic dress code
Islamic dress code

Islam instructs both Muslim men and women to dress in a modest way. For women clothing must cover the entire body, only the hands and face may remain visible.

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Hopefully, this coming Monday Muslims across the world would be celebrating the Eid ul-Fitr. It is an important event for Muslims across the globe. The name translates into English as the ’festival of breaking of the fast’.

The festival marks the end of Ramadan, the holiest month of the Muslim year and a period of fasting. It also marks the start of Shawwal, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar.

There are all sorts of items of dress which are worn by Muslim women, and these vary all over the world. For men, it is obligatory to cover middle part of the body from navel to knee. While for the women, it is obligatory to cover the entire body except hands and face. Besides, the cloth must not be a see-through or tight.


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Apart from sharing of foods to love ones, both the young and old use the occasion to showcase their best attires. In fact, in Ghana every Eid comes with a particular type of fabrics and styles. Therefore, it is common to see most of the ladies especially wearing similar type of clothes.

Some of the dress patterns you find the Muslim women wearing include the Burkha, Hijab, Niqab, Abaya while the men love to wear the Kaftan, Agbada, Thobe (long robe, Shalwar Kameez, turbans among others.

The Abaya which is common in Ghana is usually made of black synthetic fiber, sometimes decorated with coloured embroidery or sequins. Niqab is veil worn by some Muslim women which may or may not leave the eyes uncovered.

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Hijab refers to a square or rectangular piece of fabric which is folded, placed over the head and fastened under the chin as a head scarf.  

Shalwar kameez is a style adapted from India and it is worn by both men and women. It is usually a pair of loose trousers that are worn with a long tunic.

For the men, the Thobe has its top usually tailored like a shirt, but it is ankle-length and loose.

The thobe is usually white but may be found in other colours.

Bisht is dressier men's cloak that is sometimes worn over the thobe, often by high-level Muslim leaders.