Development and democracy seem to have no constant metrics because time and circumstances sometimes drive the two
Nevertheless, Lee Kuan Yew, the first Prime Minister of Singapore watered down this principle to adopt a system that limited the rights and freedoms of citizens to their collective prosperity. His institutional strict rules, intolerance of political opponent and sturdy leadership were among the few that he espoused to achieve his goal of making Singapore an economic Tiger in Asia. Though his approach was alien to the principles of democracy, today Singapore is a living testimony to ascertain that there are no constant metrics
Rwanda, a country of magical beauty tucked away in the heart of Africa is gradually growing to become the Singapore of Africa by adopting its own system for their collective prosperity. The story of Rwanda is one that comes with so much nemesis. After suffering an ugly streak of genocide one would have thought that it will take a divine decree to get her apps together, however, Rwanda is transforming at a supersonic speed. The secret behind the astronomic transformation of Rwanda is not embedded in any mystical powers but a good leadership that has adopted a system to inure to the collective prosperity of Rwandans. Today, Rwanda has one of the fastest growing
Over the past years,
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Rwanda’s development may seem to strive on four parameters: The leadership of the state, the character of the state, the efficiency of state institutions, and the attitude of citizens towards the state. The leadership of the state includes the vision of the head of state, his integrity, legitimacy and the ability to amass the support of the citizens irrespective of their political and tribal lineage. Rwanda’s genocide was caused by the knifelike tribal divergence between the Hutu and Tutsi. Nevertheless, Paul Kagame’s leadership has
The integrity of a president is measured by his ability to be firmed thus live by his words and taking nonpartisan decisions that will inure to the benefit of the people which Paul Kagame has always demonstrated.
The character of the state stems from the ability of the state to hold onto it sovereignty without external influence. A self-reliant country has a high propensity of sovereignty than an economically dependent country. Most economic aids from developed countries and financial institutions like the IMF and World Bank come with conditions that
In addition, Rwanda’s efficient and strong institutions have contributed to her development. When state institutions are strong and reliable, citizens begin to have trust in the state and contribute to the development of the state. State institutions must work in the interest of all citizens and not in the interest of a political party or an ethnic group.
One may wonder why Rwanda, a country that had its obituary written by many scholars in the 90’s is making significant strives within time. Paul Kagame’s style of leadership which seeks to pursue collective prosperity against individualism and moribund-like of democracy is yielding results; a leadership style that is akin to Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore. It’s therefore not surprising that Rwanda is growing to become the Singapore of Africa. Nevertheless, the respect for human rights should never be exchanged for development and our democracy should not be placed on a stagnant swirl. Africans must adopt that which works for us and not that of the interest of selfish super-power countries.