Pricing products and  services in a difficult economy
The writer

Pricing products and services in a difficult economy

The Ghanaian economy has faced considerable hurdles in recent years, including rising inflation and a volatile exchange rate. 


Ghana's inflation rate has risen to double digits in recent years. 

The currency rate has also fluctuated, with the Ghanaian cedi losing value versus major international currencies including the US dollar and the euro. 

These economic issues have made it difficult for firms to price their products and services appropriately, as they battle to keep up with rising expenses while remaining profitable. 

Pricing your products and services in a high inflation/exchange rate environment necessitates a strategic strategy that considers the impact of increased expenses on the bottom line. 

Understanding the elements that cause inflation and exchange rate volatility, businesses can devise pricing strategies to help them weather the storm and remain profitable in the long term. In this essay, I will look at how high inflation and currency rates affect pricing and present practical techniques and examples for businesses to successfully price their products and services.

Understand the market

Understanding market dynamics is the first step in pricing your products and services in an environment with high inflation and exchange rates. 

Consider things like consumer demand, competition, and pricing patterns in your business. 

Conducting market research and analyzing the competitive landscape can provide you with useful insights into the best pricing strategy for your firm. 

For example, a clothing business in Accra is seeing greater competition from overseas brands entering the market. Understanding market dynamics and pricing trends allows retailers to change their pricing strategy to stay competitive and attract customers.

Keep track of costs

With the current high inflation/exchange rate situation, businesses must continuously monitor their costs to establish the best pricing approach. Keep track of raw material costs, labor costs, and administrative expenses and modify your pricing accordingly to stay profitable. 

For example, a manufacturing company in Koforidua is facing growing prices due to inflation and exchange rate variations. 

By closely monitoring costs and altering pricing strategies, the company may retain profitability and market competitiveness.

Consider value-based pricing

In a climate with high inflation and exchange rates, firms should consider value-based pricing as a technique for setting prices that represent the perceived worth of their products and services. 

By emphasizing the value your products and services provide to clients, you can justify increased prices while being profitable in the face of rising costs. 

For example, a Kumasi-based software development business provides clients with customized solutions. By emphasizing the distinct value that their services offer, the corporation may charge a premium for their products and attract customers prepared to pay for quality.

Implement dynamic pricing

Firms can benefit from using dynamic pricing systems, which allow them to adjust prices in real time in reaction to market conditions, when inflation or exchange rates 
are high. 

Businesses can utilize technology and data analytics to optimize their pricing strategies, thereby increasing profitability and responding quickly to market changes. 

For example, an e-commerce retailer in Takoradi uses dynamic pricing software to change prices based on demand and competitive pricing. The shop can optimize prices and increase sales by analyzing customer behavior and market trends.

Offer Discounts and Promotions

Businesses can attract clients and increase sales in an environment of high inflation and exchange rates by giving discounts and promotions on their products and services. 


Even in a difficult economic climate, businesses may build excitement and push customers to make purchases by generating unique deals and promotions. 

To entice customers during sluggish periods, a restaurant in Tamale runs a special promotion on weekdays. The restaurant can enhance foot traffic and sales by offering meal and beverage discounts.


Pricing your products and services in a high inflation/exchange rate environment necessitates a deliberate approach that considers market dynamics, expenses, and value-based pricing tactics. 

Businesses in Ghana may remain competitive and profitable by analyzing the impact of rising expenses on their operations and employing dynamic pricing strategies. 


Businesses that follow these practical procedures and examples can overcome the hurdles of high inflation/exchange rate environments and position themselves for long-term success.

Dr Andrews Ayiku, Lecturer/SME Industry Coach, Coordinator (MBA Impact Entrepreneurship and Innovation)
University of Professional Studies Accra
[email protected]
IG: andy_ayiku
F: Andyayiku

Connect With Us : 0242202447 | 0551484843 | 0266361755 | 059 199 7513 |

Like what you see?

Hit the buttons below to follow us, you won't regret it...