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Kufuor and reconciliation of history

BY: Ivor Agyeman-Duah
 Former President Kufuor
Former President Kufuor

In October 2018, the Exeter College of the University of Oxford had a fascinating exhibition on the writings and archives of its alumnus novelist, J.R.R. Tolkien, whose 1949 famous novel, The Lord of the Rings is considered great literature.

Its filmography adaptation series, broke the box office in excess of $870 million winning multiple Academy awards. It is reminiscent in contemporary terms of J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter fantasy series.

In the next couple of weeks, the college will also unveil a full photographic portrait of another alumnus it deems distinguished enough— former President John Agyekum Kufuor at its Learning Commons at Cohen Quad, a recently renovated centuries old building.

Kufuor will join the philosopher and Kwame Nkrumah’s literary friend, William Abraham the first African and to date, the only one to be elected a Fellow of All Souls College of Oxford in 1959, to be so honoured.

Kufuor’s honour comes 10 years after his presidency and is propitious in the sense that history is always framed in time and often coincidental.

A sort of a foreign affairs president such as Jawaharlal Nehru in India before him, Kufuor’s post- presidency from 2009-2018, first saw him assuming the chairmanship of the Alliance for Africa Foundation, which was partly set up by the Milan City Council for education infrastructure development in Africa.

He subsequently became Ambassador of the World Food Programme in Rome, chairman of the Interpeace in Geneva which operates in 17 post-war countries, joined a commission to look into Re-powering the World Bank for the 21st Century, which was chaired by the former President of Mexico and Director of the Yale Centre for the Study of Globalisation, Ernesto Zedillo.

 It included the then Director-General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)- Pascal Lamy and the President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) then, Sadko Ogata, among others.

Involvement

From 2010, he would be involved with 10 other international organisations of exotic company such as the Global Citizenship Commission chaired by former UK Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, with the membership of former US Treasury Secretary, Robert Rubin, the historian Emma Rothschild, Nobel laureate, Mohamed El Baradei and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams.

 They were to review the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights for a 21st century world. He would also be involved in an eminent preparatory committee meeting to help influence the agenda of the G20 Seoul Summit in 2010.

Kufuor’s international engagements apart from multilateral ones, were as envoy of the UN Secretary-General, leader of the Commonwealth and African Union electoral observer missions and co-directed with President Jimmy Carter on electoral contest and associated conflicts.

Speaking engagements whether from the London Speaker Bureau or elsewhere, could run continuously for a month: addressing  packed auditoriums at the Weill Cornell Medical College  in New York on some of his successful social and economic policies such as the National Health Insurance Scheme; as inaugural lecturer of  The Legatum Centre at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge; commemorative guest speaker at universities in Seoul and influencing public policy from Japan to land reforms in Dar-es-Salaam; counsel to Maasai leaders and cultural conservationists in rural Kenya and sharing thoughts with decision makers of the African Development Bank in a series of guest lectureship in Tunisia on political economy.

In between the many engagements were the awards and appreciations, whether as a doctorate degree from the ancient University of Edinburgh or as World Food Prize laureate speaking at the UK Houses of Parliament on food security in Africa on behalf of the Partnership for Child Development of the Imperial College London; reward for his mediating role in the Kenya crisis of 2007, La Cote d’ Ivoire and Liberia.

In 2011, President Alassane Quattara invited Kufuor as Guest of Honour through the Interpeace and publicly said while inaugurating the country’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission that, “today marks all your (Kufuor) efforts in seeking to bring peace to La Cote d’Ivoire and we cannot thank you enough.”

Firsts

The international leadership portfolios also included being the first chair of the high-level Geneva-based Sanitation and Water for All which looks at sanitation and water as critical factors of economic growth in the developing world beyond Africa and into parts of Asia and the Caribbean.

These were all reflective of the successful public policy and foreign engagements during his presidency and as chairman of the African Union.

While these were obviously gratifying for his global stewardship, home-front in Ghana was a stormy transition between 2009-2010.

 His party had unexpectedly lost power to the National Democratic Congress led by Prof. John Evans Atta Mills. Tension and even recrimination became part of the swan song.

 The Chinery Hesse Committee, which he had put together to look into future presidential emoluments, had become controversial of what entitlements should be given former presidents.

 Prof. Mills set up a new commission to review that report downwards and the attendant media reportage was overbearingly negative against the earlier one.

Kufuor’s anticipated retirement office at the Ridge government enclave was the target of a mob attack should he use it. A youth organisation was claiming it as indigenous to the people of the area.

That incident shocked many participants at an African Presidential Archives and Research Centre conference which Kufuor was chairing at the time in Tanzania.

Eventually, in the course of what seemed a regular effrontery, his office was relocated to his home at Airport West in Accra.

Certainly, the times were against him at home. For what was considered by analysts as even within reach — the Mo Ibrahim Prize eluded him in a mirage fashion.

You do not win all the time in politics, but time defines who you become in the context of its ticking.  From the global engagements of 2009 and the concurrent stormy times at home, there now seems to be a settlement. It is always the case whichever way one looks at it.

The “Ifs’ of history itself is always a primordial element of little relevance at the end but difficult to refrain from its sometimes speculative powers of the past and of the present.

Kufuor has a mental rotation on political leadership, models and their evolution.

 In that sense, his occupation is not gone at a good age of 80 but within historical reckoning in its measure for measure. Time! Memory!! History!!!

The writer is the author of Between Faith and History- A Biography of J.A. Kufuor (2007, Ayebia Clarke Publishers, Oxfordshire) and was special advisor to Kufuor on international development cooperation.