The role of leadership in shaping organisational risk culture
The writer

The role of leadership in shaping organisational risk culture

In today's rapidly changing and complex business environment, organisations face multiple and interdependent risks that can impact their performance, reputation and even survival.


Organisations are responding by making significant efforts in implementing proactive and robust enterprise risk management systems that can provide reasonable assurance that unpleasant surprises are reduced to a bare minimum. 

However, one must recognise that effective risk management requires more than just implementing processes and procedures—it necessitates the development of a strong risk culture that permeates the organisation.

Risk culture, on the other hand, is influenced by various factors, paramount among which is the role of leadership.

In this article, I highlight the significant role that leadership plays in shaping and influencing organisational risk culture and also mention strategies and approaches they can adopt to foster a risk-aware and resilient organisational culture.

Setting the tone

Leadership sets the foundation for risk culture by establishing the organisation's values, ethics and risk appetite.

The tone at the top is crucial, as it influences the behaviour and decision-making of employees throughout the organisation.

Leadership sets a strong tone by communicating the importance of risk management and transparency across the organisation.

They must provide clear and consistent messaging about risk expectations, potential challenges, consequences of inadequate risk practices and the value of strong risk culture.

When leaders consistently demonstrate and promote a strong risk management mindset, it sends a powerful message to employees that risk management is a priority. 

By articulating and embodying a risk-aware culture, leaders establish expectations for risk-conscious behaviours and encourage employees to integrate risk management into their daily activities.

Risk governance structures

Leadership plays a pivotal role in defining and implementing risk governance structures within the organisation.

This involves establishing risk management frameworks, policies and procedures that provide guidance on risk identification, assessment and mitigation.

The risk governance structures must, however, be aligned with the organisation's strategic objectives and integrated into its decision-making processes. 

This requires leaders to embed risk management practices within the organisation's overall governance framework, incorporating risk considerations into strategic planning, resource allocation and performance management.

By doing so, leaders reinforce the importance of risk management and ensure that it becomes an integral part of the organisation's DNA.

Communication and risk transparency 

Effective communication is a fundamental aspect of shaping organisational risk culture. Leaders need to proactively communicate risk-related information and foster a culture of transparency.

This includes sharing insights on emerging risks, potential challenges and changes in the risk landscape. Leadership should encourage open and honest communication channels, where employees feel comfortable reporting risks, raising concerns and sharing best practices.

By actively soliciting feedback and ideas from employees, leaders demonstrate that risk management is a collaborative effort that involves everyone in the organisation.

Transparent communication builds trust and enables employees to make informed decisions while considering risk factors.



Leadership behaviour strongly influences organisational culture. Employees observe and emulate their leaders, and leaders' actions speak louder than words.

When leaders actively engage in risk management activities, such as risk assessment, monitoring and control, it sends a powerful message to employees that risk management is not just a theoretical concept but a practical reality. 

By demonstrating risk-aware behaviours, leaders reinforce the importance of risk management and create a culture of accountability.

For example, leaders can participate in risk assessment workshops, engage in scenario planning exercises, or provide guidance on risk mitigation strategies. 


This active involvement sends a clear signal that risk management is a priority and sets expectations for employees to do the same.

Empowering and Engaging Employees

Leadership should empower employees to take ownership of risk management, by providing them with the necessary tools, resources and training.

By fostering a culture where employees are encouraged to proactively identify and assess risks, propose risk mitigation strategies and participate in decision-making processes, leaders ensure that risk management becomes a collective responsibility. 

Leaders should create opportunities for employees to enhance their risk management skills through training programmes and workshops.


By investing in employee development and fostering risk awareness, leaders not only strengthen risk culture but also enhance the organisation's overall risk management capabilities.

Recognition and rewards

Leadership plays a critical role in recognising and rewarding risk-aware behaviours, which contributes to a positive risk culture.

By acknowledging employees who demonstrate exemplary risk management practices, leaders motivate others to prioritise risk awareness and encourage them to embed risk culture into their daily operations. 

Recognition can take various forms, such as public acknowledgement, performance incentives or career advancement opportunities.

Leaders must ensure that risk management goals and achievements are incorporated into performance evaluations and reward systems, reinforcing the organisation's commitment to risk culture and providing tangible incentives for employees to actively engage in risk management efforts.

Continuous Improvement and Learning

Leadership must foster a learning environment where failures and near-misses are treated as opportunities for improvement. Instead of punishing or blaming individuals for mistakes, leaders should encourage a culture that views failures as learning experiences. 

This approach allows the organisation to identify vulnerabilities, learn from past incidents and strengthen risk management practices.

Leaders should promote a culture of continuous learning by encouraging employees to share lessons learnt and best practices related to risk management. 

This can be facilitated through knowledge-sharing platforms, cross-functional collaboration and regular risk management reviews.

By supporting a growth mindset, leaders nurture and enhance the organisation's risk culture, ensuring that it remains responsive to emerging risks and changing circumstances.


From the above discussion, we realise that leadership plays a pivotal role in shaping organisational risk culture.

Leaders must recognise that building a risk culture is an ongoing effort that requires consistent commitment and reinforcement. 

By integrating risk management into the organisation's values, decision-making processes and day-to-day operations, leaders create a culture where risk-aware behaviour becomes ingrained, leading to better risk identification, assessment and mitigation.

Ultimately, effective leadership in shaping organisational risk culture is instrumental in building a resilient organisation capable of navigating uncertainties and achieving sustainable success.

The writer is an independent Internal Audit Advisor, Enterprise Risk Management Consultant and professional trainer.

He is the founder and Chief Operating Officer of Redric Consulting (RC). RC is focused on empowering internal audit, risk and control professionals through training and conferences to equip them with relevant skills, knowledge and attitudes that position them as value-adding professionals. You may reach out to Frederick on [email protected] 

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